Ocular Spanish Exam Guide

Patient History

GreetingsBilingual LimitationsGeneral HistoryRefractive SymptomsTime ReferencesOcular Surface SymptomsEye InjuryEye SurgeryOcular Disease HistorySystemic Disease HistoryMedicationsHeadaches

Good Morning (afternoon)

Buenos Dias

Boo-eh-nohs deeahs

 

How are you?

Como estas?

Koh-moh ehstahs?

 

My name is….

Mi nombre es….

Mee nohm-breh ehs

 

What is your name?

Cual es su nombre?

kwahl ehs soo nohm-breh?

I only speak a little Spanish

Yo solamente hablo un poco de Español

Yo soh-lah-mente ahbloh oohn poh-koh de ehs-pah-nyohl

 

Please limit your answers to “yes” or “no” when possible.

Por favor limite sus respuestas a “si” o “no” cuando sea posible.

Pohr fahvohr lee-me-teh soos rehs-puehs-tahs ah “see” oh “no” kwandoh seh-ah poh-seebleh

What is the reason for your visit?

Cuál es la razon de su visita?

kwahl ehs lah rah-zohn deh soo vee-see-tah?

 

When was your last Eye exam?

Cuando fue su último examen de los ojos?

Kwandoh foo-eh soo oohl-tee-moh exah-men deh lohs oh-hos?

 

One, two, or three years?

Hace uno, dos, o tres años?

Ah-seh oonoh, dohs, oh trehs ahnyohs?

 

Have you been here before?

Ha estado aqui antes?

Ah ehs-tah-do ah-kee ahntehs?

 

How long ago?

Cuanto tiempo hace?

Kwantoh tee-ehm-poh ahseh?

 

How old are you?

Cuantos años tiene usted?

Kwantohs ahnyohs tee-eh-ne oohs-tehd?

 

Do you use glasses or contacts?

Usa espejuelos o lentes de contacto?

Oosah ehs-peh-hoo-ehlos oh lentehs deh cohn-tak-toh?

 

For seeing far away or up close?

Para ver de lejos o de cerca?

Pahrah vehr deh leh-hos oh deh sehrkah?

 

Do you have glasses or contacts with you today?

Tiene gafas o lentes de contacto con usted hoy?

Tee-eh-neh gah-phas oh lehn-tehs deh cohn-tak-toh cone oos-ted oye?

Have you noticed any changes in your vision?

Ha notado cambios en la vista?

Ah noh-tah-doh kahm-bee-ohs ehn lah veestah?

 

Which eye? Both?

En cual ojo? Los dos?

Ehn kwahl oh-ho? Lohs dohs?

 

Do you have a problem seeing at a distance?

Tiene problem para ver a una distancia?

Tee-eh-neh proh-bleh-mahs pahrah vehr ah oohna dees-tahn-see-ah?

 

Do you have problems seeing while reading?

Tiene problemas para ver al leer?

Tee-eh-neh proh-bleh-mahs parah vehr ahl leh-ehr?

 

How long has it been since you noticed this problem?

Hace cuanto tiempo que ha notado ese problema?

Ah-seh kwahn-toh tee-ehm-poh keh ah noh-tahdo eh-seh proh-bleh-mah?

 

Show me at what distance you read.

Muestreme a que distancia lee usted.

Moo-ehs-treh-meh ah keh dees-tahn-seeah leh-eh oohstehd

Never?

Nunca?

Newn-ka

 

Sometimes?

A veces?

Ah veh-sehs?

 

Frequently?

Frecuentemente?

Fɾekwente-mente?

 

Always?

Siempre?

See-ehm-preh?

 

One, two, or three years?

Hace uno, dos, o tres años?

Ah-seh oonoh, dohs, oh trehs ahnyohs?

 

Since when did it begin?

Hace cuanto tiempo que empezo?

Ah-seh kwantoh tee-empoh keh em-peh-soh?

 

Has it become worse?

Se ha puesto peor?

Seh ah poo-ehs-toh peh-ohr?

 

During the morning?

Por la mañana?

Pohr lah mah-nyah-nah?

 

In the afternoon?

Por la tarde?

Pohr lah tahr-deh?

 

At night?

Por la noche?

Pohr lah no-cheh?

Do your eyes ever burn?

Alguna vez le arden los ojos?

Ahl-goonah vehs leh ahr-den lohs oh-hos?

 

Do your eyes ever itch?

Alguna vez le pican los ojos?

Ahl-goonah vehs leh pee-cahn lohs oh-hos?

 

Do your eyes ever tear?

Alguna vez le lloran los ojos?

Ahl-goonah vehs leh yohrahn lohs oh-hos?

Have you ever injured your eyes?

Alguna vez se ha lastimado los ojos?

Ahl-goonah vehs seh ah lahstee-mahdoh lohs oh-hos?

 

In what eye?

En cual ojo?

Ehn kwahl oh-ho?

 

Was it a blow to the eye?

Fue un golpe al ojo?

Foo-eh oohn gohl-peh ahl oh-ho?

 

A cut?

Una cortadura?

Oohna cohr-tah-doo-rah?

 

Or did something enter the eye?

O le entro algo en el ojo?

Oh leh ehntro ahlgo ehn ehl oh-ho?

 

Do you get pain in your eyes?

Tiene dolor en los ojos?

Tee-eh- neh dohlor ehn lohs oh-hos?

Have you ever had eye surgery?

Ha tenido alguna operacion en la vista?

Ah teh-nee-doh ahl-goonah oh-peh-rah-see-on ehn lah veestah?

 

When?

Cuando?

Kwahndoh?

 

For cataracts?

Por cataratas?

Pohr cah-tah-rahtahs?

 

Myopia?

Miopia?

Mee-oh-peeah?

 

For something that entered the eye?

Por algo que le entro en el ojo?

Pohr ahlgoh keh leh ehntroh ehn ehl oh-ho?

 

Strabismus?

Estrabismo?

Ehstrah-beesmoh?

Have you ever had any disease in the eye?

Ha tenido alguna enfermedad de los ojos?

Ah teh-nee-doh ahlgoo-nah ehm-fehr-mehdad deh lohs oh-hos?

 

Glaucoma?

Glaucoma?

Glau- koh mah?

 

Cataratas?

Cataratas?

Cah-tah-rah-tas?

 

Infection?

Infeccion?

In-fehk-see-on?

When was your last medical exam?

Cuando fue su ultimo examen medico?

Kwahndo foo-eh soo oohl-tee-moh exam-ehn meh-dee-ko?

 

Do you have or ever have had:

Usted tiene o ha tenido:

Oostehd tee-eh-neh oh ah teh-nee-doh:

 

Diabetes

Diabetes

Dee-ah-beh-tees

 

Kidney problems

Problemas con los riñones

Proh-bleh-mahs kohn lohs ree-nyoh-nehs

 

Thyroid problems

Problemas de tiroides

Proh-bleh-mahs deh teer-oy-dehs

 

High blood pressure

Presion alta

Preh-see-on ahltah

 

Do you have sinus problems?

Tiene sinusitis?

Tee-eh-neh see-noh-see-tees?

Are you taking any medications?

Esta tomando alguna medicina?

Ehs-tah toh-man-doh ahl-goonah meh-dee-see-nah?

 

Please write the name here.

Por favor escriba el nombre aqui.

Pohr fahvohr escree-bah ehl nohm-breh ahkee

 

How long have you taken it?

Hace cuanto tiempo la toma?

Ahseh kwantoh tee-ehm-poh lah tohmah?

 

What do you take it for?

Para que la toma?

Pah-rah keh lah tohmah?

 

Do you have any allergies to any medications?

Tiene alergias ha alguna medicina?

Tee-eh-ne ah-lehr-hee-as ah ahl-goonah meh-dee-see-nah?

 

Which one?

Cual?

kwal?

 

Do you take contraceptives?

Esta tomando anti conceptivos?

Ehstah toh-man-doh antee concep-tee-vohs?

 

Are you pregnant?

Estas embarazada?

Ehstahs ehm-bah-rah-zah-da?

Do you get headaches?

Le da dolores de cabeza?

Leh dah doh-loh-rehs deh kah-beh-sah?

 

In the morning, afternoon, or evening?

Por la mañana, tarde, o noche?

Pohr lah mah-nyah-nah, tahrde, oh no-cheh?

 

When you read?

Cuando lee?

Kwan-doh leh-eh

 

At work, or at school?

En el trabajo, o en la escuela?

Ehn ehl trah-bah-hoh, oh ehn lah ehskoo-eh-lah?

 

Show me in what part of your head.

Muestreme en que parte de la cabeza.

Moo-estreh-meh ehn keh parteh deh lah kah-beh-zah

Entrance Exam

VA, Cover TestConfrontation Fields, PDEOMs, PupilsNPC, NPAStereo, Color VisionLow VisionOphthalmic Instrument Instructions

Visual Acuity

 

Cover your left / right eye.

Cubra su ojo izquierdo / derecho.

Koo-brah soo oh-hoees-kee-erh-doh / deh-reh-choh.

 

Please read the smallest row of letters you can.

Por favor lea la fila de letras mas pequeňas see quepueda ver.

Pohr fahvohr leh-ah la fee-la de leh-trahs mahs peh-ke-hnyahs see kehpooeh-dah vehr.

 

Please read the row above.

Por favor lea la fila areba.

Pohr fahvohr leh-ah la fee-la a-ree-ba.

 

Please read the row below.

Por favor lea la fila debajo.

Pohr fahvohr leh-ah la fee-la de-baho.

 

Cover Test

 

Please look at the letter __.

Por favor mire la letra ­­­­__.

Pohr fahvohr mee-reh lah leh-trah.

Confrontation Fields

 

Please cover your left/right eye and look at my open eye.

Por favor cubra su ojo izquierdo / derecho y mire mi ojo abierto.

Pohr fahvohr koo-brah soo oh-ho ees-kee-ehr-doh / deh-reh-sho ee mee-reh mee oho a-bee-erto.

 

How many fingers?

Cuantos dedos?

Kwan-tos dehdos

 

Tell me when you first see this.

Digame cuando primero vea esto.

Deegah-meh kwan-doh pree-meh-roh veh-ah ehs-toh

 

PD Measurement

 

Please look at my open eye.

Por favor mire mi ojo que esta abierto.

Pohr fahvohr mee-reh mee oh-ho keh ehs-tah ahbee-ehr-toh.

EOM Testing

 

Please follow my light with your eyes without moving your head.

Por favor siga mi luz con los ojos sin mover la cabeza.

Pohr fahvohr see-gah mee loos kohn soos oh-hos sin moh-vehr soo kah- beh-sah.

 

Pupillary Testing

 

Please look straight ahead and ignore my light.

Por favor mire hacia adelante ignorando mi luz.

Pohr fahvohr mee-reh ah-see-ah deh-lahnteh igno-rahn-doh mee looz.

 

NPC

 

Please fixate on this and tell if it doubles.

Por favor fije su vista en la letra y digame si ve doble.

Pohr fahvohr fee-heh soo vees-tah ehn lah leh-tra ee deegah-meh see veh doh-bleh.

 

Now tell me when you see one.

Ahora digame cuando vea uno.

Ah-ohrah deegah-meh kwan-doh veh-ah oo-noh.

 

NPA

 

Please look at these letters and tell me when they blur.

Por favor mire estas letras y digame cuando se pongan borrosas.

Pohr fahvohr mee-reh ehs-tahs Leh-trahs ee dee-gah-meh Kwan-doh seh pohn-gahn boh-rroh-sahs.

Stereopsis

 

Which circle is closer to you?

Cual circulo se ve más cerca a usted?

Kwuahl cirk-ooh-loh seh veh mahs cehr-kah ah oost-ehd

 

The circle on the left / in the middle/ on the right?

El Circulo de la izquierda / en el centro / de la derecha?

El cirk-ooh-loh de la ees-kee-erh-da / en el sen-tro / de la deh-reh-cha?

 

Color Vision

 

Please tell me what you see.

Por favor digame lo que ve.

(Pohr fah-vohr dee-gah-meh loh keh veh.

 

Circle = Circulo (cirk-ooh-loh)

Triangle = Triángulo (tree-an-goo-low)

X = Equis (eh-kees)

How many fingers?

Cuantos dedos?

Kwan-tos dehdos

 

Is the hand moving?

Se mueve la mano?

Seh moo-eh-veh lah mah-no?

 

Do you see the light?

Ve la luz?

Veh lah looz.

 

Where?

Donde?

Dohn-deh?

Place your chin here.
Ponga la barbilla aqui.

Pohn-gah lah bahr-bee-ya ahkee

 

Place your forehead here.

Ponga la frente aqui.

Pohn-gah lah frehn-teh ahkee.

 

Look into the center of the instrument.

Mire al centro del intrumento

Mee-reh ahl cehn-troh dehl instru-mentoh.

 

Keep both eyes open please.

Mantenga los dos ojos abiertos por favor.

Man-ten-gah lohs dohs oh-hos ah-bee-ehrtohs pohr-fa-vohr.

Phoropter Testing

RetinoscopyRefractionAccommodation TestingPhoria TestingVergenceTesting

Look at the letter ­­­__.

Mire la letra __.

Mee-reh lah leh-trah Eh.

 

Do not look at my light.

No mire la luz.

No mee-reh lah looz.

 

Keep both eyes open.

Mantenga los dos ojos abiertos.

Man-ten-gah lohs dohs oh-hos ah-bee-ehr-tohs.

Subjective Refraction

 

Read the smallest line of letters you can see.

Lea la linea de letra mas pequeňas que pueda ver.

Leh-ah lah lee-neh-ah deh leh-trahs mahs peh-kehnyahs keh poo-eh-dah vehr.

 

Which one is better, one or two?

Cual es mejor, uno o dos?

Kwahl ehs meh-hor, oonoh oh dohs?

 

Binocular Balance

 

Do you see two lines here?

Puedes ver dos lineas aqui?

 

Which line is clearer? The top, bottom, or are they the same?

Cual linea es mas claro? La ariba, debajo o egual?

Fused Cross-Cylinder

 

Which group of lines is darker, the vertical or horizontal one?

Cual grupo de líneas está más oscuro, las verticales o las horizontales?

Kwahl groo-poh deh lee-neh-ahs ehstah mahs ohs-koo-roh, lahs vehr-tee-cahlehs oh lahs ohree-zohn-tahles?

 

Plus / Minus to Blur

 

Keep this line of letters clear.

Mantenga esta linea de letras claras.

Man-ten-gah ehstah lee-neh-ah deh leh-trahs clah-rahs.

 

Say “blurry” when it first blurs.

Diga “borroso” cuando se ponga borroso.

Deegah “boh-rroh-soh” kwandoh seh pohn-gah boh-rroh-soh.

 

Can you clear it?

Puede aclararlo?

Pweh-deh ahclah-rahrloh?

Horizontal Phoria Testing

 

There are two lines of letters.

Hay dos líneas de letras.

Ay dose lee-nay-as de let-rahs.

 

One is up and to the left.

Uno de ellos es hacia arriba y a la izquierda.

Oo-no de ey-yos es a-see-a aree-ba ee a la ees-kee-ehrdah.

 

 

One is down and to the right.

Una es hacia abajo y a la derecha.

Oo-na es a-see-a aba-ho ee a la deh-reh-chah.

 

 

Look at the line that is up and to the left.

Mire la línea que está arriba y a la izquierda.

Mee-re la lee-ne-ah keh ehs-tah ahree-bah ee a la ees-kee-ehrdah.

 

 

Tell me when it is directly underneath the other line.

Digame cuando esta exactamente debajo la linea otra.

Dee-gah -meh kwandoh ehs-tah exactah-menteh deh-bah-ho la lee-ne-ah oat-rah.

 

 

Is it to the right or to the left?

Esta a la derecha o izquierda?

Ehs-tah ah lah deh-reh-chah oh ees-kee-ehrdah?

 

Or is it directly underneath?

O esta directamente debajo?

Oh ehs-tah dee-rehk-tah-menteh deh-bah-ho?

 

Vertical Phoria Testing

 

Look at the line that is down and to the right.

Mire la línea que está abajo y a la derecha.

Mee-re la lee-ne-ah keh ehs-tah ahree-bah ee a la deh-reh-chah.

 

 

Tell me when it is directly next to the other line.

Digame cuando esta exactamente al lado de la linea otra.

Dee-gah -meh kwandoh ehs-tah exactah-menteh ahl lah-doh de la lee-ne-ah oat-rah.

 

Is it above or below?

Esta arriba o abajo?

Ehs-tah ahree-bah oh ahbah-ho?

 

Or is it next to it?

O esta al lado?

Oh ehs-tah ahl lah-doh?

 

Keep this line of letters clear.

Mantenga esta linea de letras clara.

Man-ten-gah ehs-tah lee-neh-ah deh leh-trahs clah-rah.

 

Say “blurry” when it first blurs.

Diga “borroso” cuando se ponga borroso.

Dee-gah “boh-rroh-soh” kwandoh seh pohn-gah boh-rroh-soh.

 

Say “two” when it breaks into two.

Diga “dos” cuando se divide en dos.

Dee-gah “dohs” kwandoh seh dee-vee-deh ehn dohs.

 

Say “one” when they become one.

Diga “uno” cuando se unan de nuevo.

Dee-gah “oo-noh” kwandoh seh oo-nahn deh noo-eh-voh.

Biomicroscopy

Anterior SegmentDilationPosterior Segment

I am going to examine the front of your eyes.

Voy ha examinar la parte exterior de los ojos.

Vo-eeh ah exahmee-nahr lah pahrteh exteh-ree-ohr deh los oh-hos.

 

Place your chin here.

Ponga la barbilla aqui.

Pohn-gah lah bahr-bee-ya ahkee

 

 

Place your forehead here.

Ponga la frente aqui.

Pohn-gah lah frehn-teh ahkee.

 

 

Close your eyes.

Cierre sus ojos.

Cee-eh-rreh soos oh-hos.

 

Open your eyes more.

Abra sus ojos mas.

Ah-brah soos oh-hos mahs.

 

I am going to examine the lids.

Voy ha examinar los parpados.

Vo-eeh ah exahmee-nahr lohs pahr-pah-dohs..

 

Look down.

Mire para abajo.

Mee-reh pah-rah ahbah-ho.

 

Look up.

Mire para arriba.

Mee-reh pah-rah ah-ree-bah.

 

Look to the right.

Mire a la derecha.

Mee-reh ah lah deh-reh-chah.

 

Look to the left.

Mire a la izquierda.

Mee-reh ah lah ees-kee-ehrdah.

 

Blink.

Parpadee.

pahr-pah-deh.

I would like to dilate your pupils in order to examine the inside of your eyes.

Quisiera dilatar las pupilas para examinar el interior de sus ojos.

Kee-see-ehra dee-lah-tar lahs poo-pee-lahs pah-rah exahmee-nahr ehl inteh-ree-ohr deh soos oh-hos.

 

You will not be able to see up close for a couple of hours,

is that a problem?

No podrá ver de cerca durante unas horas, está de acuerdo?

Noh poh-drah vehr deh cehr-kah doo-rahn-teh oo-nahs oh-rahs, ehs-tah deh ah-kooehr-doh?

 

I am going to put drops in your eyes.

Voy ha poner gotas en sus ojos.

Vo-eeh ah poh-nehr go-tahs ehn soos oh-hos.

 

Look up and to the left.

Mire para arriba y a la izquierda.

Mee-reh pah-rah ahree-bah ee ah la eehs-kee-ehrdah.

 

Look up.

Mire para arriba.

Mee-reh pah-rah ah-ree-bah.

 

Look up and to the right.

Mire para arriba y a la derecha.

Mee-reh pah-rah ahree-bah ee ah lah deh-reh-chah.

 

Look to the right.

Mire a la derecha.

Mee-reh ah lah deh-reh-chah.

 

Look down and to the right.

Mire para abajo y a la derecha.

Mee-reh pah-rah ahbah-ho ee ah lah deh-reh-chah.

 

Look down.

Mire para abajo.

Mee-reh pah-rah ahbah-ho.

 

Look down and to the left.

Mire para abajo y a la izquierda.

Mee-reh pah-rah ahbah-ho ee ah lah ees-kee-ehrdah.

 

Look to the left.

Mire a la izquierda.

Mee-reh ah lah ees-kee-ehrdah.

 

Look at the light.

Mire a la luz.

Mee-reh ah lah looz.

Optical

Glasses

Lentes / Gafas / Anteojos

Lehn-tehs / gah-fahs / Ahnte-oh-hos

 

Frame

Armazon

Ar-ma-sohn

 

Sunglasses

Lentes del sol / Gafas del sol

Lehn-tehs del sohl / Gah-fas del sohl

 

Bifocals

Bifocales

Bee-foh-cah-lehs

 

Trifocals

Trifocales

Tree-foh-cah-lehs

 

I recommend...

Yo recommendo...

 

Progressives

Progresivos

Pro-gres-see-vos

 

Progressive Lenses don't have a line.

Lentes progresivos no tienen una linea.

 

Transitions Lenses.

Lentes adaptables Transitions.

 

They are clear indoors and become dark outdoors.
Son claros adentro y vuelven oscuros a fuera.

 

They are not dark when you are driving.
No son oscuros cuando eres manejando.

 

           The car windowns block UV light.
            Las ventanillas del coche bloquer la luz ultravioleta.

General Phrases

Eye

Ojo

Oh-ho

 

Left

Izquierdo(a)

Ees-quer-doh(ah)

 

Right

Derecho(a)

Deh-reh-choh(ah)

 

Light

Luz

Looz

 

Drops

Gotas

Goh-tahs

 

Pupil

Pupila

Poo-pee-lah

 

Iris

Iris

Eer-ees

 

Retina

Retina

Reh-teen-ah

 

Follow me please.

Sigame por favor.

See-gah-meh pohr fah-vor.

 

I don't understand.

No entiendo.

Noh ehntee-ehndoh.

 

Do you understand?

Entiende usted?

Ehntee-ehndeh ossted?

 

Speak slower please.

Hable mas despacio por favor.

Ahbleh mahs dehs-pah-seeoh pohr fah-vohr.

 

Look

Mire / vea

Meereh/ Veah

 

Here

Aqui

Ahkee

 

Chin

Barbilla / la barba / menton

Bahr-beeh-yah / la bahr-ba / mehnton

 

Forhead

Frente

Frehnteh

Patient Education
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